Join us for YTH Live Global! Learn More

ETR Logo ETR Logo ReCAPP logo

etr presents YTH LIVE Global 2021: October 4-6: Virtual. Register now at


All Bibliographies

Parent-Child Connectedness Bibliography, L-Z

ETR Associates and the Annie E. Casey Foundation

Parent-Child Connectedness:
Bridging Research and Intervention Design (PCC BRIDGE) Project

Project Bibliography, L-Z
January 2004

Back to Bibliography A-K


Lalley, J. and N. Ahsan (1998). Youth development: Family and community strategies. Family Resource Coalition of America Report 17(1).

Lansky, M. (1991). Shame and the problem of suicide: A family systems perspective. British Journal of Psychotherapy 7(3): 230-242.

Lanz, J. B. (1995). Psychological, behavioral, and social characteristics associated with early forced sexual intercourse among pregnant adolescents. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 10(2): 188-200.

Lauritsen, J. L. (1994). Explaining race and gender differences in adolescent sexual behavior. Social Forces 72(3): 859-883.

Ledoux, S., P. Miller, et al. (2002). Family structure, parent-child relationships, and alcohol and other drug use among teenagers in France and the United Kingdom. Alcohol 37(1): 52-60.

Lefkowitz, E. S., L. F. Romo, et al. (2000). How Latino American and European American adolescents discuss conflicts, sexuality, and AIDS with their mothers. Developmental Psychology 36(3): 315-325.

Lefkowitz, E. S., M. Sigman, et al. (2000). Helping mothers discuss sexuality and AIDS with adolescents. Child Development 71(5): 1383-94.

Leon, J., B. W. Sugland, et al. (2003). Engaging Parents and Families as Partners in Adolescent Reproductive Health and Sexuality - A Guide for Reproductive Health Providers. Baltimore, MD: Center for Applied Research & Technical Assistance, Inc.

Levendosky, A. A., A. Huth-Bocks, et al. (2002). Adolescent peer relationships and mental health functioning in families with domestic violence. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology 31(2): 206-218.

Levendosky, A. A., A. Okun, et al. (1995). Depression and maltreatment as predictors of social competence and social problem-solving skills in school-age children. Child Abuse Negl 19(10): 1183-95.

Liddle, H. A. and A. Hogue (2000). A family-based, developmental-ecological preventive intervention for high-risk adolescents. Journal of Marital & Family Therapy 26(3): 265-279.

Lieberman, A. F. (1985). Infant mental health: A model for service delivery. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 14(3): 196-201.

Lissau, I. and T. I. Sorensen (1994). Parental neglect during childhood and increased risk of obesity in young adulthood. Lancet 343(8893): 324-7.

Litrownik, A. J., J. P. Elder, et al. (2000). Evaluation of a tobacco and alcohol use prevention program for Hispanic migrant adolescents: promoting the protective factor of parent-child communication. Prev Med 31(2 Pt 1): 124-33.

Littell, J. H. and J. R. Schuerman (1995). A synthesis of research on family preservation and family reunification programs: Westat, Inc.: 23.

Llewelling, R. M. and K. E. Bauman (1990). Family structure as a predictor of initial substance use and sexual intercourse in early adolescence. Journal of Marriage & the Family 52: 171-181.

Loeber, R., M. Drinkwater, et al. (2000). Stability of family interaction from ages 6 to 18. J Abnorm Child Psychol 28(4): 353-69.

Logue, M. E. and T. M. Rivinus (1991). Young children of substance-abusing parents: A developmental view of risk and resiliency. Children of chemically dependent parents: Multiperspectives from the cutting edge. T. M. Rivinus. Philadelphia, PA, Brunner/Mazel, Inc: 55-73.

Lonczak, H. S., R. D. Abbott, et al. (2002). Effects of the Seattle social development project on sexual behavior, pregnancy, birth, and sexually transmitted disease outcomes by age 21 years. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156: 438-447.

Ludolph, P. S., D. Westen, et al. (1990). The borderline diagnosis in adolescents: Symptoms and developmental history. Am J Psychiatry 147(4): 470-6.

Luthar, S. S., D. Cicchetti, et al. (2000). The construct of resilience: A critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child Development 71(3): 543-562.

Lutzker, J. R. (1990). Behavioral treatment of child neglect. Behav Modif 14(3): 301-15.

Lynch, M. and D. Cicchetti (2002). Links between community violence and the family system: Evidence from children's feelings of relatedness and perceptions of parent behavior. Family Process 41(3): 519-532.



Maccoby, E. E. (1992). The role of parents in the socialization of children: An historical overview. Developmental Psychology 28: 1006-1017.

Maccoby, E. E. and J. A. Martin (1983). Socialization in the context of the family: Parent-child interaction. Handbook of child psychology: Vol 4. Socialization, personality, and social development. P. H. Mussen. New York, Wiley: 1-101.

Machamer, A. M. and E. Gruber (1998). Secondary school, family, and educational risk: Comparing American Indian adolescents and their peers. Journal of Educational Research 91(6): 357-369.

Mahoney, J. L., A. E. Schweder, et al. (2002). Structured after-school activities as a moderator of depressed mood for adolescents with detached relations to their parents. Journal of Community Psychology 30: 69-86.

Mahoney, J. L. and H. Stattin (2000). Leisure activities and adolescent antisocial behavior: The role of structure and social context. J Adolesc 23(2): 113-27.

Mapp, K. (2002). Having their say: Parents describe how and why they are involved in their children's education. New Orleans, LA: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Education Research Association.

Marjoribanks, K. (2002). Family background, individual and environmental influences on adolescent aspirations. Educational Studies 28: 33-46.

Markham, C. M., S. R. Tortolero, et al. (2003). Family connectedness and sexual risk-taking among urban youth attending alternative high schools. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 35(4): 174-179.

Mathijssen, J. J., H. M. Koot, et al. (1998). The relationship between mutual family relations and child psychopathology. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 39(4): 477-87.

Mattingly, D. J., R. Prislin, et al. (2002). Evaluating evaluations: The case of parent involvement program. Review of Educational Research 72: 549-576.

McBride Murry, V. (1998). Variation in adolescent pregnancy status: A national tri-ethnic study. In McCubbin, H.I. et al. (Eds.). Resiliency in African American families. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

McLanahan, S.S., N.M Astone and N.F. Marks. (1991). The role of mother-only families in reproducing poverty. In Huston, A.C. (Ed.). Children in poverty: Child development and public policy. (pp. 51-78). New York: Cambridge University Press.

McCubbin, H. I., E. A. Thompson, et al., Eds. (1998). Resiliency in African American Families. Resiliency in Families Series. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

McDonald, L. and T. V. Sayger (1998). Impact of a family and school based prevention program on protective factors for high risk youth. Drugs & Society 12(1-2): 61-85.

McDowell, J. (2001). Documentation for the importance of a bond between parent and child.

McGaha, J. E. and E. L. Leoni (1995). Family violence, abuse, and related family issues of incarcerated delinquents with alcoholic parents compared to those with nonalcoholic parents. Adolescence 30(118): 473-82.

McGloin, J. M. and C. S. Widom (2001). Resilience among abused and neglected children grown up. Dev Psychopathol 13(4): 1021-38.

McLanahan, S. S. (1985). Single mothers and psychological well-being: A test of the stress and vulnerability hypotheses. Research in Community and Mental Health 5: 253-266.

McLanahan, S. S. and K. Booth (1989). Mother-only families: Problems, prospects, and politics. Journal of Marriage & the Family 51: 557-580.

McLanahan, S. S., I. Garfinkel, et al. (1998). Implications for Welfare and Child Support Policy. Unwed Parents or Fragile Families? Center for Research and Child Wellbeing.

McNeely, C., M. Shew, et al. (2002). Mothers' influence on the timing of first sex among 14- and 15 -year-olds. Journal of Adolescent Health 31: 256-265.

McVey, G. L., D. Pepler, et al. (2002). Risk and protective factors associated with disordered eating during early adolescence. Journal of Early Adolescence 22(1): 75-95.

Meschke, L. L., S. Bartholomae, et al. (2000). Adolescent sexuality and parent-adolescent processes: Promoting healthy teen choices. Family Relations 49(2): 143-154.

Miliotis, D., A. Sesma, et al. (1999). Parenting as a protective process for school success in children from homeless families. Early Education and Development 10(2): 111-33.

Miller, B. C. (1998). Families matter: A research synthesis of family influences on adolescent pregnancy. Washington DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.

Miller, B. C., B. Benson, et al. (2001).Family relationships and adolescent pregnancy risk: A research synthesis. Developmental Review 21: 1-38.

Miller, B. C. and C. R. Bingham (1989). Family configuration in relation to the sexual behavior of female adolescents. Journal of Marriage and the Family 51: 499-506.

Miller, B. C. and S. J. Jorgensen (1988). Adolescent fertility-related behavior and its family linkages. Social stress and family development. D. K. and J. Aldous. New York: Guildford Press.

Miller, B. C., J. K. McCoy, et al. (1986). Parental discipline and control attempts in relation to adolescent sexual attitudes and behavior. Journal of Marriage and the Family 48: 503-512.

Miller, B. C., M. C. Norton, et al. (1997). The timing of sexual intercourse among adolescents: Family, peer and other antecedents. Youth & Society 29(1): 54-83.

Miller, B. C., M. C. Norton, et al. (1998). "ubertal development, parental communication and sexual values in relation to adolescent sexual behaviors. Journal of Early Adolescence 18(1): 27-52.

Miller, B. C., M. C. Norton, et al. (1993). Pregnancy prevention programs: Impact evaluation of facts and feelings - A home based video education curriculum. Family Relations 42: 392-400.

Moffitt, T. E. and A. Caspi (2001). Childhood predictors differentiate life-course persistent and adolescence-limited antisocial pathways among males and females. Development & Psychopathology 13: 355-375.

Moore, K. A. (1993). Family strengths and youth behavior problems: Analyses of three national survey databases. Family health: From data to policy. G. E. Hendershot and F. B. LeClere. Minneapolis, MN: National Council on Family Relations: 64-74.

Moore, K. A., Chalk R., Scarpa J., Vandivere, S. (2002). Family Strengths: Often Overlooked, but Real. Washington DC: Child Trends.

Moore, K. A., J. L. Peterson, et al. (1986). Parental attitudes and the occurrence of early sexual activity. Journal of Marriage and the Family 48: 777-782.

Moreault, L., C. Gagnon, et al. (1996). "The "Marrainage" Project: A nonprofessional intervention with families at risk for child neglect." Can J Public Health 87(1): 42-5.

Morojele, N. K. and J. S. Brook (2001). Adolescent precursors to intensity of marijuana and other illicit drug use among initiators. The Journal of Genetic Psychology 162(4): 430-450.

Morrison Dore, M., J. M. Doris, et al. (1995). Identifying substance abuse in maltreating families: A child welfare challenge. Child Abuse & Neglect 19(5): 531-543.

Mueller, K. E. and W. G. Powers (1990). Parent-child sexual discussion: Perceived communicator style and subsequent behavior. Adolescence 25(98): 469-482.

Murray-Nettles, S. (1991). Community contributions to school outcomes of African-American students. Education and Urban Society 24(1): 132-147.

Murry, V. M. and G. H. Brody (1999). Self-regulation and self-worth of Black children reared in economically stressed, rural, single mother-headed families: The contribution of risk and protective factors. Journal of Family Issues 20(4): 458-84.



National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA). (2003). School experiences and substance use among youths. Washington DC: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Nelson, B. V., T. H. Patience, et al. (1999). Adolescent risk behavior and the influence of parents and education. J Am Board Fam Pract 12(6): 436-43.

Nelson-LeGall, S. and E. Jones (1991). Classroom help-seeking behavior of African-American children. Education and Urban Society 24(1): 27-40.

Nester, C. B. (1998). Prevention of child abuse and neglect in the primary care setting. Nurse Pract 23(9): 61-2, 67-70, 73.

Newcomer, S. F. and J. R. Udry (1984). Mothers' influence on the sexual behavior of their teenage children. Journal of Marriage & the Family May: 477-485.

Newcomer, S. F. and J. R. Udry (1985). Parent - child communication and adolescent sexual behavior. Family Planning Perspectives 17(4): 169-174.

Newcomer, S. F. and J. R. Udry (1987). Parental marital status effects on adolescent sexual behavior. Journal of Marriage & the Family 49(2): 235-240.

Ney, P. G. (1987). Does verbal abuse leave deeper scars: A study of children and parents. Can J Psychiatry 32(5): 371-8.

Ney, P. G. (1989). Child mistreatment: Possible reasons for its trans-generational transmission. Can J Psychiatry 34(6): 594-601.

NICHD Clearinghouse (2002). Early child care and children's development prior to school entry: From the NICHD study of early child care. American Educational Research Journal 39: 133-164.

NICHD Clearinghouse. (2001). Adventures in Parenting. How responding, preventing, monitoring, mentoring and modeling can help you be a successful parent. Rockville, MD. 63.

Noack, P. and B. Puschner (1999). Differential trajectories of parent-child relationships and psychosocial adjustment in adolescents. J Adolesc 22(6): 795-804.



O'Byrne, K. K., C. K. Haddock, et al. (2002). Parenting style and adolescent smoking. J Adolesc Health 30(6): 418-25.

Oetting, E. R. and J. F. Donnermeyer (1998). Primary socialization theory: The etiology of drug use and deviance. Subst Use Misuse 33(4): 995-1026.

O'Farrell, T. J. and M. Feehan (1999). Alcoholism treatment and the family: Do family and individual treatments for alcoholic adults have preventive effects for children? Journal of Studies on Alcohol Supp 13: 125-129.

Ogletree, M. D., R. M. Jones, et al. (2002). Fathers and their adolescent sons: Pubertal development and parental involvement. Journal of Adolescent Research 17(4): 418-424.

Olds, D. L., C. R. Henderson, Jr., et al. (1986). Preventing child abuse and neglect: A randomized trial of nurse home visitation. Pediatrics 78(1): 65-78.

Olenik Lynch, C. (2001). Risk and protective factors associated with adolescent sexual activity. Adolescent & Family Health 2(3): 99-107.

Osofsky, J. D. (1999). The Impact of Violence on Children. Future of Children 9(3): 33-49.

Oxford, M. L., T. W. Harachi, et al. (2001). Preadolescent predictors of substance initiation: A test of both the direct and mediated effect of family social control factors on deviant peer associations and substance initiation. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 27(4): 599-616.

Oxford, M. L., T. W. Harachi, et al. (2000). Early elementary school-aged child attachment to
parents: A test of theory and implications for intervention. Prev Sci 1(2): 61-9.



Paavilainen, E., P. Astedt-Kurki, et al. (2001). Risk factors of child maltreatment within the family: Towards a knowledgeable base of family nursing. Int J Nurs Stud 38(3): 297-303.

Pagani, L., R. E. Tremblay, et al. (1998). The impact of family transition on the development of delinquency in adolescent boys: a 9-year longitudinal study. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 39(4): 489-99.

Paikioff, R. L. and J. Brooks-Gunn (1991). Do parent - child relationships change during puberty? Psychological Bulletin 110(1): 47-66.

Parke, R. D. and R. Buriel (1998). Socialization in the family: Ethnic and ecological perspectives. Handbook of child psychology: Social, emotional and personality development (5th ed). N. Eisenberg. New York, John Wiley & Sons. 3: 463-552.

Paschall, M. J., S. T. Ennett, et al. (1996). Relationships among family characteristics and violent behavior by black and white male adolescents. Journal of Youth & Adolescence 25(2): 177-197.

Paschall, M. J. and M. L. Hubbard (1998). Effects of neighborhood and family stressors on African American male adolescents' self-worth and propensity for violent behavior. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology 66(5): 825-831.

Patterson, G.R. (1986). Performance models for antisocial boys. American Psychol 41:432-444.

Patterson, G.R., B.D. DeBaryshe et al. (1989). A developmental perspective on antisocial behavior. American Psychol 44: 329-335.

Patterson, G. R., J.B. Reid, et al. (1992). Antisocial boys. Eugene, OR: Castalia Publishing.

Patterson, G. R. and K. Joerger. (1993). Developmental models for delinquent behavior. In S. Hodgins (Ed.) Mental Disorder and Crime. Newbury Park: Sage.

Paul, C., J. Fitzjohn, et al. (2000). The determinants of sexual intercourse before age 16. Journal of Adolescent Health 27(2): 136-147.

Payne, R. K. (1996). A Framework for Understanding Poverty. Highlands, TX: aha! Process, Inc.

Pederson, D. R. and G. Moran (1999). The relationship imperative: Arguments for a broad definition of attachment. Journal of Family Psychology 13(4): 496-500.

Pedro-Carroll, J. (2001). The promotion of wellness in children. American Psychologist November: 993-1004.

Perrin, E. (2002). A difficult adjustment to school: The importance of family constellation. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics 23(3): 171-174.

Perrino, T., A. Gonzalez-Soldevilla, et al. (2000). The role of families in adolescent HIV prevention: A review. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 3(2): 81-96.

Perry-Jenkins, M., R. L. Repetti, et al. (2000). Work and family in the 1990's. Journal of Marriage & the Family 62: 981-998.

Pharris, M. D., M. D. Resnick, et al. (1997). Protecting against hopelessness and suicidality in sexually abused American Indian adolescents. J Adolesc Health 21(6): 400-6.

Pilgrim, C., A. Abbey, et al. (1998). Implementation and impact of a family-based substance abuse prevention program in rural communities. Journal of Primary Prevention 18(3): 341-361.

Pillemer, K. A. and K. McCartney (1991). Parent-child relations throughout life. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Pollack, A., J. Coffman, et al. (2002). Using behavior change theory to communicate effectively: The case of Latino parent involvement. Cambridge, MA: The Evaluation Exchange: 6.

Pretorius, J. W., G. V. Ferreira, et al. (1999). Crisis phenomena among African adolescents. Adolescence 34(133): 139-46.

Pruett, K.D. (1997). How men and children affect each other's development. New Haven: CT: Yale Child Study Center.



Radhakrishna, A., I. E. Bou-Saada, et al. (2001). Are father surrogates a risk factor for child maltreatment? Child Maltreat 6(4): 281-9.

RC Journal. (2002).The re-evaluation counseling communities.

Reibstein, J. (1997). Rethinking marital love: Defining and strengthening key factors in successful partnerships. Sexual & Marital Therapy 12(3): 237-247.

Reid, M., S. Landesman, et al. (1989). My family and friends: Six- to twelve-year-old children's perceptions of social support. Child Dev 60(4): 896-910.

Resnick, M. D. (1997). Close ties to parents, school improve adolescents' lives. Minn Med 80(12): 24-6.

Resnick, M. D. (2000). Protective factors, resiliency and healthy youth development. Adolesc Med 11(1): 157-65.

Resnick, M. D., P. S. Bearman, et al. (1997). Protecting adolescents from harm. Findings from the National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health. JAMA 278(10): 823-32.

Resnick, M. D., L. J. Harris, et al. (1993). The impact of caring and connectedness on adolescent health and well-being. J Paediatr Child Health 29 Suppl 1: S3-9.

Richters, J. and D. Pellegrini (1989). Depressed mothers' judgments about their children: An examination of the depression-distortion hypothesis. Child Development 60: 1068-1075.

Robinson, K. L., S. K. Telljohann, et al. (1999). Predictors of sixth graders engaging in sexual intercourse. Journal of School Health 69(9): 369-374.

Rodgers, J. L. (1983). Family configuration and adolescent sexual behavior. Population and Environment 6: 73-83.

Rodriguez, J. (2002). Family environment and achievement among three generations of Mexican American high school students. Applied Developmental Science 6(88-94).

Roffman, D., .M., (2002). Parenting is five-piece suit. Transitions 15(1): 1.

Rohner, R. P. and R. A. Veneziano (2001). The importance of father love: History and contemporary evidence. Review of General Psychology 5(4): 382-405.

Rollins, B. C. and D. L. Thomas (1979). Parental support, power and control techniques in the socialization of children. Contemporary theories about the family. W. R. Burr, R. Hill, F. I. Nye and I. L. Reiss. New York, The Free Press. 1.

Romer, D. and S. Kim (1995). Health interventions for African American and Latino youth: The potential role of mass media. Health Educ Q 22(2): 172-89.

Romer, D., B. Stanton, et al. (1999). Parental influence on adolescent sexual behavior in high-poverty settings. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 153(10): 1055-62.

Romo, L. F., E. S. Lefkowitz, et al. (2002). A longitudinal study of maternal messages about dating and sexuality and their influence on Latino adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health 31: 59-69.

Rosnati, R. and E. Marta (1997). Parent-child relationships as a protective factor in preventing adolescents' psychosocial risk in inter-racial adoptive and non-adoptive families. Journal of Adolescence 20(6): 617-31.

Rubenstein, J. L. and S. S. Feldman (1993). Conflict-resolution behavior in adolescent boys: Antecedents and adaptational correlates. Journal of Research on Adolescence 3(1): 41-66.

Ruchkin, V. V., M. Eisemann, et al. (1998). Interrelations between temperament, character, and parental rearing in male delinquent adolescents in northern Russia. Compr Psychiatry 39(4): 225-30.

Rumm, P. D., P. Cummings, et al. (2000). Identified spouse abuse as a risk factor for child abuse. Child Abuse Negl 24(11): 1375-81.

Runyan, D. K., W. M. Hunter, et al. (1998). Children who prosper in unfavorable environments: The relationship to social capital. Pediatrics 101(1 Pt 1): 12-8.

Russell, J. D., E. Kopec-Schrader, et al. (1992). The parental bonding instrument in adolescent patients with anorexia nervosa. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 86(3): 236-239.

Rutter, M. (1993). Resilience: Some conceptual considerations. Journal of Adolescent Health 14(8): 626-631.

Rutter, M. (1994). Family discord and conduct disorder: Cause, consequence, or correlate? Journal of Family Psychology 8(2): 170-186.



Sable, P. (1995). Pets, attachment, and well-being across the life cycle. Social Work 40(3): 334-341.

Sandefur, G. D., S. S. McLanahan, et al. (1992). The effects of parental marital status during adolescence on high school graduation. Social Forces 71(1): 103-121.

Sanders, M. R. (2000). Community-based parenting and family support interventions and the prevention of drug abuse. Addictive Behaviors 25(6): 929-942.

Santelli, J. S., R. Lowry, et al. (2000). The association of sexual behaviors with socioeconomic status, family structure, and race/ethnicity among US adolescents. Am J Public Health 90(10): 1582-8.

Sartor, C. E. and J. Youniss (2002). The relationship between positive parental involvement and identity achievement during adolescence. Adolescence 37: 221-234.

Scaramella, L. V., R. D. Conger, et al. (1999). Parental Protective Influences and Gender-Specific Increases in Adolescent Internalizing and Externalizing Problems. Journal of Research on Adolescence 9(2): 111-141.

Schellenbach, C. J. and L. F. Guerney (1987). Identification of adolescent abuse and future intervention prospects. Journal of Adolescence 10(1): 1-12.

Schneider, B. H., L. Atkinson, et al. (2001). Child-parent attachment and children's peer relations: A quantitative review. Developmental Psychology 37(1): 86-100.

Schwartz-Gottman, J. (1990). Children of gay and lesbian parents. Homosexuality and Family Relations. Bellvue, WA: The Hayworth Press: 177-196.

Scott-Jones, D. (1991). Adolescent childbearing: Risks and resilience. Education and Urban Society 24(1): 53-64.

Seifert, K., S. Phillips, et al. (2001). Child and adolescent risk for violence (CARV): A tool to assess juvenile risk. Journal of Psychiatry & Law 29(3): 329-346.

Seligman, C. K., T. Mukai, et al. (1995). Parents' contributions to children's knowledge and attitudes regarding AIDS: Another look. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 20(1): 61-77.

Serbin, L. A., P. L. Peters, et al. (1991). Childhood aggression and withdrawal as predictors of adolescent pregnancy, early parenthood and environmental risk for the next generation. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Sciences 23(3): 318-331.

Sheldon, S. (2002). Parents' social networks and beliefs as predictors of parent involvement. Elementary School Journal 102: 301-316.

Sher, K. J., B. S. Gershuny, et al. (1997). The role of childhood stressors in the intergenerational transmission of alcohol use disorders. J Stud Alcohol 58(4): 414-27.

Sheridan, M. J. (1995). A proposed intergenerational model of substance abuse, family functioning, and abuse/neglect. Child Abuse Negl 19(5): 519-30.

SIECUS. (2002). Innovative approaches to increase parent-child communication about sexuality: Their impact and examples from the field. New York, NY.

Sieving, R. E., T. Beuhring, et al. (2001). Development of adolescent self report measures from the national longitudinal study of adolescent health. Journal of Adolescent Health 28: 73-81.

Sigelman, C. K., T. Mukai, et al. (1995). Parents' contributions to children's knowledge and attitudes regarding AIDS: Another look. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 20(1): 61-77.

Silk, J. S., A. S. Morris, et al. (2003). Psychological control and autonomy granting: Opposite ends of a continuum or distinct constructs? Journal of Research on Adolescence 13(1): 113-128.

Silverman, R. C. and A. F. Lieberman (1999). Negative maternal attributions, projective identification, and the intergenerational transmission of violent relational patterns. Psychoanalytic Dialogues 9(2): 161-186.

Simons, R. L., K.-H. Lin, et al. (1999). Explaining the higher incidence of adjustment problems among children of divorce compared with those in two-parent families. Journal of Marriage & the Family 61(4): 1020-1033.

Simpson, A. R. (2001). Raising Teens: A Synthesis of Research and a Foundation for Action. Boston: Center for Health Communication, Harvard School of Public Health.

Siqueira, L. M. and J. S. Brook (2003). Tobacco use as a predictor of illicit drug use and drug-related problems in Colombian youth. Journal of Adolescent Health 32: 50-57.

Slicker, E. K. and I. Thornberry (2003). Older adolescent well-being and authoritative parenting. Adolescent & Family Health 3(1): 9-19.

Smith, C. A. (1996). The link between childhood maltreatment and teenage pregnancy. Social Work Research 20(3): 131-141.

Smith, P., B. R. Flay, et al. (2001). The protective influence of parents and peers in violence avoidance among African-American youth. Matern Child Health J 5(4): 245-52.

Sokol-Katz, J., R. Dunham, et al. (1997). Family structure versus parental attachment in controlling adolescent deviant behavior: A social control model. Adolescence 32(125): 199-215.

Spoth, R., C. Redmond, et al. (1996). Protective factors and young adolescent tendency to abstain from alcohol use: A model using two waves of intervention study data. American Journal of Community Psychology 24(6): 749-770.

Spoth, R., S. Yoo, et al. (1996). A model of the effects of protective parent and peer factors on young adolescent alcohol refusal skills. Journal of Primary Prevention 16(4): 373-394.

St. Pierre, T., M. Mark, et al. (1997). Involving parents of high-risk youth in drug prevention: A three-year longitudinal study in boys & girls clubs. Journal of Early Adolescence 17(1): 21-50.

Stacey, J. and T. J. Biblarz (2001). (How) does the sexual orientation of parents matter? American Sociological Review 66: 159-183.

Stanton, B., X. Li, et al. (2000). Parental underestimates of adolescent risk behavior: A randomized controlled trial of a parental monitoring intervention. Journal of Adolescent Health 26(1): 18-26.

Stein, D., D. E. Williamson, et al. (2000). Parent-child bonding and family functioning in depressed children and children at high risk and low risk for future depression. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 39(11): 1387-95.

Steinberg, L. (1987). Single parents, stepparents, and the susceptibility of adolescents to antisocial peer pressure. Child Development 58: 269-275.

Steinberg, L. (1990). Autonomy, conflict, and harmony in the family. In E. Aries (Ed.), Adolescent behavior: Readings and interpretations: 352-371. Guilford, CT: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin.

Steinberg, L. (1991). The logic of adolescence. In P. Edelman & J. Ladner (Eds.). Adolescence & poverty: Challenge for the 1990s: 19-36. Washington, DC: Center for National Policy Press.

Steinberg, L. (2001). We know some things: Parent - adolescent relationships in retrospect and prospect. Journal of Research on Adolescence 11(1): 1-19.

Steinberg, L., B. B. Brown, et al. (2001). The Power of Authoritative Parenting. Beyond the Classroom: Why School Reform has Failed and What Parents Need to Do. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Steinberg, L., A. Fletcher, et al. (1994). Parental monitoring and peer influences on adolescent substance use. Pediatrics 93(6): 1060-1064.

Steinberg, L., S. Lamborn et al. (1992). Impact of parenting practices on adolescent achievement: Authoritative parenting, school involvement and encouragement to succeed. Child Development 63: 1266-1281.

Steinberg, L. and A. Sheffield-Morris (2001). Adolescent Development. Ann Rev Psychol 52: 83-110.

Stinnet, N., B. Chesser, et al. (1979). Building family strengths: Blueprints for action. Lincoln, NE, University of Nebraska Press.

Sugland, B. W. (2003). Engaging Parents and Families in Adolescent Reproductive Health: A Theory of Change for National Action. Baltimore, MD: Center for Applied Research & Technical Assistance, Inc.

Sugland, B. W., J. Leon, et al. (2003). Engaging Parents and Families in Adolescent Reproductive Health - A Case Study Review. Baltimore, MD, Center for Applied Research & Technical Assistance, Inc.

Sussman, S., C. W. Dent, et al. (1994). Psychosocial variables as prospective predictors of violent events among adolescents. Health Values: The Journal of Health Behavior, Education & Promotion 18(3): 29-40.

Swanson, D. P. and M. B. Spencer (1991). Youth policy, poverty, and African-Americans: Implications for resilience. Education and Urban Society 24(1): 148-161.

Swanston, H. Y., P. N. Parkinson, et al. (2002). Further abuse of sexually abused children. Child Abuse Negl 26(2): 115-127.



Tavecchio, L. and M. Thomeer (1999). Attachment, social network, and homelessness in young people. Social Behavior & Personality 27(3): 247-262.

Taylor, A. R. (1991). Social competence and the early school transition. Education and Urban Society 24(1): 15-26.

Taylor, R. D., E. Seaton, et al. (2002). Psychological adjustment of urban, inner-city ethnic minority adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health 31(68): 280-287.

Tharinger, D. and G. Wells (2000). An attachment perspective on the developmental challenges of gay and lesbian adolescents: The needs for continuity of care giving from family and schools. School Psychology Review 29(2): 158-172.

The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. (2001). It all starts at home: Hispanic parents speak out on preventing teen pregnancy - A focus group report. Washington DC: 22.

Thomson, E., T. L. Hanson, et al. (1994). Family structure and child well-being: Economic resources vs. parental behaviors. Social Forces 73(1): 221-242.

Thornton, A. and D. Camburn (1987). The influence of the family on premarital sexual attitudes and behavior. Demography 24(3): 323-340.

Tierney, W. (2002). Parents and families in pre-college preparation: The lack of connection between research and practice. Educational Policy 16(4): 588-606.

Tinkler, B. (2002). A review of literature on Hispanic/Latino parent involvement in K-12 education. Denver, CO: Assets for Colorado Youth: 17.

Toumbourou, J. W. and M. E. Gregg (2002). Impact of an empowerment-based parent education program on the reduction of youth suicide risk factors. Journal of Adolescent Health 31(3): 277-285.

Tschann, J. M., E. Flores, et al. (2002). Inter-parental conflict and risk behaviors among Mexican American adolescents: A cognitive-emotional model. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 30(4): 373-385.

Turner, A. P., M. E. Larimer, et al. (2000). Family risk factors for alcohol-related consequences and poor adjustment in fraternity and sorority members: Exploring the role of parent-child conflict. J Stud Alcohol 61(6): 818-826.



Valencia, R. R. and M. S. Black (2002). Mexican Americans don't value education! - The basis of the myth, mythmaking and debunking. Journal of Latinos & Education 1(2): 81-103.

Vance, J. E., N. K. Bowen, et al. (2002). Risk and protective factors as predictors of outcome in adolescents with psychiatric disorder and aggression. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 41(1): 36-43.

Varni, J. W., L. A. Rubenfeld, et al. (1990). Family functioning, temperament, and psychologic adaptation in children with congenital or acquired limb deficiencies. Annual Progress in Child Psychiatry & Child Development.

Vitaro, F., M. Brendgen, et al. (2000). Influence of deviant friends on delinquency: Searching for moderator variables. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 28(4): 313-325.

Vondra, J. I., D. S. Shaw, et al. (1999). Early relationship quality from home to school: A longitudinal study. Early Education & Development 10(2): 163-190.

Voydanoff, P. and B. W. Donnelly (1998). Parents' risk and protective factors as predictors of parental well-being and behavior. Journal of Marriage and the Family 60(2): 344-55.



Wagner, B. M. (1997). Family risk factors for child and adolescent suicidal behavior. Psychol Bull 121(2): 246-98.

Wakschlag, L. S., P. L. Chase-Lansdale, et al. (1996). Not just ghosts in the nursery: Contemporaneous intergenerational relationships and parenting in young African-American families. Child Development 67: 2131-2147.

Walsh, F. (1998). Strengthening Family Resilience. New York: The Guilford Press.

Walsh, F. (2002). A family resilience framework: Innovative practice applications. Family Relations 51: 130-137.

Watson, D. (1987). Family therapy, attachment theory and general systems theory: Separation may be no loss. Ethical issues in family therapy. S. Walrond-Skinner and D. Watson. New York: Routledge: 17-34.

Weeks, K., S. R. Levy, et al. (1997). Does parental involvement make a difference? Impact of parent interactive activities on students in a school-based AIDS prevention program. AIDS Education & Prevention 9(1): 90-106.

Weinberger, D.A. and G.E. Schwartz. (1990). Distress and restraint as superordinate dimensions of adjustment: A typological perspective. Journal of Personality 58: 381-417.

Weinstein, M. and A. Thornton (1989). Mother-child relations and adolescent sexual attitudes and behaviors. Demography 26(4): 563-577.

Whalen, C. K., B. Henker, et al. (1996). Parent-adolescent dialogues about AIDS. Journal of Family Psychology 10(3): 343-357.

Whipple, E. E. and S. E. Finton (1995). Psychological maltreatment by siblings: An unrecognized form of abuse. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal 12(2): 135-146.

Whitaker, D. J. and K. S. Miller (2000). Parent-adolescent discussions about sex and condoms: Impact on peer influences of sexual risk behavior. Journal of Adolescent Research 15(2): 251-273.

Whitbeck, L., R. Conger, et al. (1993). The influence of parental support, depressed effect and sexual experiences among adolescents. Journal of Family Issues 14(2): 261-278.

Whitbeck, L., D. Hoyt, et al. (1992). Parental support, depressed affect, and sexual experiences among adolescents. Youth and Society 24(2): 166-177.

Whitbeck, L. B., R. M. Simons, et al. (1994). The effects of divorced mothers' dating behaviors and sexual attitudes on the sexual attitudes and behaviors of their adolescent children. Journal of Marriage and the Family 56(3): 615-621.

White, J. E. (1987). Influence of parents, peers, and problem-solving on contraceptive use. Pediatric Nursing 13(5): 317-321.

White, R., M. I. Benedict, et al. (1987). Physical disabilities as risk factors for child maltreatment: a selected review. Am J Orthopsychiatry 57(1): 93-101.

Williams, C. and S. W. Vines (1999). Broken past, fragile future: personal stories of high-risk adolescent mothers. J Soc Pediatr Nurs 4(1): 15-23.

Wilson-Sadberry, K. R., L. F. Winfield, et al. (1991). Resilience and persistence of African-American males in postsecondary enrollment. Education and Urban Society 24(1): 87-102.

Winfield, L. F. (1991). Resilience, schooling, and development in African-American youth: A conceptual framework. Education and Urban Society 24(1): 5-14.

Winnail, S. D., B. F. Geiger, et al. (2002). Why don't parents participate in school health education? American Journal of Health Education 33(1): 10-14.

Winnett, R. A., E. S. Anderson, et al. (1992). Family / media approach to HIV prevention: Results with a home-based, parent-teen video program. Health Psychology 11(3): 203-206.

Winnett, R. A., E. S. Anderson, et al. (1993). Efficacy of a home-based human immunodeficiency virus prevention video program for teens and parents. Health Education Quarterly 20(4): 555-567.

Wipfler, P. (2003). Parenting by Connection. Palo Alto, CA: Parents Leadership Institute.

Woodward, L.J., Fergusson, D. M. & Belsky, J. (2000). Timing of parental separations and attachment to parents in adolescence: Results from a prospective study from birth to 16 years. Journal of Marriage & the Family 62, 162-174.

Wolfe, R. B. and B. J. Hirsch (2003). Outcomes of parent education programs based on reevaluation counseling. Journal of Child and Family Studies 12(1): 61-76.

Wu, L. L. and B. B. Martinson (1993). Family structure and the risk of a premarital birth. American Sociological Review 58: 210-232.

Wu, Y., B. Stanton, et al. (2002). Sustaining and broadening intervention impact: A longitudinal randomized trial of three adolescent risk reduction approaches. West Virginia: Dept of Pediatrics West Virginia University.



Xu, J. (2002). Do early adolescents want family involvement in their education? Hearing voices from those who matter most. The School Community Journal 12: 53-72.



Yehud, R., S. L. Hallig, et al. (2001). Childhood trauma and risk for PTSD: Relationship to intergenerational effects of trauma, parental PTSD, and cortisol excretion. Dev Psychopathol 13(3): 733-53.

Young, E. W., L. C. Jensen, et al. (1991). The effects of family structure on the sexual behavior of adolescents. Adolescence 26: 977-986.

Young Pistella, C. L. and F. A. Bonati (1999). Adolescent women's recommendations for enhanced parent-adolescent communication about sexual behavior. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 16(4): 305-315.



Zanarini, M. C., J. G. Gunderson, et al. (1989). Childhood experiences of borderline patients. Compr Psychiatry 30(1): 18-25.

Zazzaro, J.A. and Lassiter, K.S. (1998). Concurrent validity of the relationship with father inventory. Psychological Reports 83: 403-409.

Zlotnick, C., M. T. Shea, et al. (1995). Stressors and close relationships during childhood and dissociative experiences in survivors of sexual abuse among inpatient psychiatric women. Compr Psychiatry 36(3): 207-12.

Zolotor, A., J. Kotch, et al. (1999). School performance in a longitudinal cohort of children at risk of maltreatment. Matern Child Health J 3(1): 19-27.

Zuravin, S. J. (1988). Child maltreatment and teenage first births: A relationship mediated by chronic socio-demographic stress? Am J Orthopsychiatry 58(1): 91-103.

Zuravin, S. J. (1991). Unplanned childbearing and family size: Their relationship to child neglect and abuse. Fam Plann Perspect 23(4): 155-61.