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Theories & Approaches

All Theories & Approaches

Resources for More Information on the Stages of Change Model

Resources for More Information on the Stages of Change Model


  • Glanz, K. and Rimer, B.K. 1995. Theory at a Glance: A Guide for Health Promotion Practice. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health. (NIH Publication No. 95-3896)

  • Prochaska, J.O., Norcross, J.C., and DiClemente, C.C. 1994. Changing for Good: A Revolutionary Six-Stage Program for Overcoming Bad Habits and Moving Your Life Positively Forward. New York: Avon Books.

  • Prochaska, J.O., Johnson, S., and Lee, P. The Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change. In: Shumaker, S.A., Schron, E.B., Ockene, J.K., and McBee, W.L. [Editors]. 1998. The Handbook of Health Behavior Change, 2nd Ed. Springer Publishing Company.

  • Weinstein, N.D., and Sandman, P.M. 2002. The Precaution Adoption Process Model and Its Application. In: DiClemente, R.J., Crosby, R.A., and Kegler M.C. [Editors]. Emerging Theories in Health Promotion Practice and Research. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
For more detailed information on tailored health messages:
  • Kreuter, M., Farrell, D., Olevitch, L., and Brennan, L. 2000. Tailoring Health Messages: Customizing Communication With Computer Technology. Mahway, New Jersey: LEA Publishers.


  • Prochaska, J.O., DiClemente, C.C., and Norcross, J.C. 1992. In Search of How People Change: Applications to Addictive Behaviors. American Psychologist 47(9): 1102-1114.

  • Samuelson, M. Stages of Change: From Theory to Practice. The Art of Health Promotion [newsletter]. Vol. 2, No. 5, November/December 1998.

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